What Is Artificial Intelligence?

Since the invention of computers or machines, their ability to perform various tasks has been increasing rapidly. In the same way, man has developed the power of the system by reducing the size of the computer according to the increasing power of the computer and the increasing functionality in its various fields and according to the time.

Artificial Intelligence (AI), is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks often associated with intelligent humans. Such as the ability to reason, find answers, generalize, or learn from past experiences. Since the development of digital computers in the 1940s, special attention has been paid to computers that can be programmed to perform very complex tasks – for example, solving mathematical theorems or playing chess – with great efficiency.

But so far, no computer has yet developed a program that can broadly match the flexibility of a human, despite continuous advances in processing speed and memory capacity, especially in some tasks where there is a large Knowledge is required. But on the other hand, computers have attained the level of performance of human experts and experts in performing certain specific tasks.

Pursues making intelligence and their functionality. AI i.e. Artificial Intelligence is the study of how the human brain thinks, how solves a problem, and how makes decisions and works so that software and systems can be developed in this format.

According to “John McCarthy”, the father of artificial intelligence, intelligent machine building is specifically the science and engineering of creating an intelligent computer program. Artificial Intelligence is actually a special way of making a computer, i.e. a robot controlled by a computer, or software that thinks with human intelligence, in the same way as an intelligent human thinks.

What Is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI), in a way Digital Computer or Computer Controlled, is the ability of a robot to perform tasks usually associated with intelligent beings. The term is often used to refer to the project of developing systems that characterize the intellectual processes of humans, for example, the ability to reason, discover, generalize, or learn from a past experience.

With the development of the digital computer as early as the 1940s, it was beginning to be demonstrated that computers could be programmed to perform very complex tasks – For example, finding proofs of mathematical theorems or playing chess.

Yet, despite continued advances in computer processing speed and memory capacity, there are no programs developed that match the mental flexibility to function as a human in tasks requiring extensive or more everyday knowledge. Can you Artificial Intelligence, on the other hand, has achieved the level of performance human experts and professionals perform certain tasks in certain programs, such as therapy, search engines, and voice or handwriting recognition.

How Does Artificial Intelligence Work?

How does Artificial Intelligence work? To know this, let’s go back a little. Less than a decade after cracking the Nazi encryption machine Enigma and helping Allied forces win World War II, mathematician Alan Turing turned history a second time with a simple question: “Can machines think? Huh?”

The paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” published by Turing in 1950 established the fundamental goal and vision of Artificial Intelligence. At its core, AI is a branch of computer science whose main purpose is to answer Turing’s question. In machines, there is an attempt to replicate or imitate intelligence similar to that of humans. The overarching goal of artificial intelligence has given rise to debate with many questions, so much so that there is no singular definition of the field that is universally accepted.

In defining Artificial Intelligence, it is mainly to “manufacture machines that are as intelligent as humans”. In their groundbreaking textbook, Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, authors Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig tackle the many questions about how machines act as intelligent agents, integrating them. Norwig and Russell consider four different approaches to artificial intelligence that have historically defined the field of AI:

  1. Thinking Humanly
  2. Thinking Rationally
  3. Acting Humanly
  4. Acting Rational

In this, the first two points deal with thought, anxiety processes, and logic, while the other two points deal with behavior. Norwig and Russell specifically focus their attention on the Rational Agents that are necessary to achieve the best results.

How is Artificial Intelligence used?

The uses of Artificial Intelligence are endless. This technology can be applied in many different sectors and industries. AI is being tested and used in the healthcare industry for drug and patient isolation, and for surgical procedures in operation theatres.

Artificial Intelligence Machines with artificial intelligence include computers that play chess and drive self-driving cars. Each of these machines must understand the consequences of the work done because each action affects the final result. Just as in chess, the end result is simply winning the game, similarly, in self-driving cars, the computer system has to understand all those extraneous outcomes and store those results in a way that prevents collisions.

Artificial intelligence also has applications in the financial industry, where it is used to detect activity in banking and finance and unusual debit card usage and large account deposits – all of which help a bank’s fraud department. Huh. AI applications are also being used to help streamline and make business easier. This is done by simplifying the supply, demand, and pricing of securities.

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What Are Examples of Artificial Intelligence?

  • Google’s AI-Powered Predictions (Ex. Google Maps)
  • Ride-sharing applications (eg: Uber, Lyft)
  • AI Autopilot in Commercial
  • Spam Filters on Email
  • Plagiarism Checkers
  • facial recognition
  • search engine
  • convert voice-to-text
  • Smart personal assistants (eg: Siri, Alexa)
  • Fraud Protection and Prevention

What Are The Types Of Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence can be divided into two different categories: weak and strong.

Weak Artificial Intelligence: Weak Artificial Intelligence is a symbol of a system designed to perform a particular task. Weak AI systems include those playing chess and video games with personal assistants like Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri. Where you ask an assistant a question, and he answers it just for you.

Strong Artificial Intelligence: Strong Artificial Intelligence systems are systems that perform tasks that are considered similar to humans. These are more esoteric and complex systems. They are programmed to handle situations where a problem may need to be solved without the intervention of an individual. These types of systems are found in self-driving cars or hospital operating rooms.

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What Are The Advantages Of Artificial Intelligence? 

There is no doubt that technology has made our lives better. From music recommendations, map directions, and mobile banking to fraud prevention, AI technologies have made their way. Let’s take a look at some of the benefits of Artificial Intelligence-

  • reduction of human error
  • 24×7 Availability
  • Helps with repetitive work
  • digital assistance
  • fast decision
  • rational decision-maker
  • medical applications
  • improve security
  • efficient communication

What Are The Disadvantages Of Artificial Intelligence? 

  • high cost of implementation
  • cannot replace humans
  • does not improve with experience
  • lack of creativity
  • unemployment risk

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